Small Sites in London

City of
Westminster

Westminster is an inner London borough. The borough has no designated greenbelt land within its 2,147 hectare (8.29 square mile) area. However, 20.40% of the borough is Metropolitan Open Land.

The borough has 56 conservation areas, with a total area of around 1,700.54 hectares. That's around 79.20% of the borough's total area.

The council is currently under Conservative control and in 2018 had an approximate population of 255,320.

Westminster's most recent Local Plan was adopted on 13 November 2013.

City of Westminster does not have a Design Review Panel.

Facts & Figures

27 2,147 Total area (ha)
Total area of borough, in hectares

7 119 Population density
People per hectare (based on 2018 population data), including green belt and metropolitan open land

4 149 Population Density (excluding green space)
People per hectare (based on 2018 population data), excluding green belt and metropolitan open land.

3 76.48 Housing Density
Homes per hectare, excluding greenbelt and Metropolitan Open Land (MOL), 2020 estimate

4 12.55% Population Increase, 2013 - 2018
Percentage change in population in five-year period between 2013 and 2018

3 55,470 Mean Household Income
Estimated household income, mean

32 5.41% Household Income / House Price Ratio
Ratio of average (mean) annual income, 2018 estimate, to average (median) house price, 2017 estimate

32 133 Residential Planning Applications
Number of residential planning applications (not number of dwellings) considered by planning authority in period 2018-19

22 255,320 Population, 2018
Total population, 2018 figures

26 4.80% Overcrowding
Percentage of overcrowded homes in borough.

31 1.95 Occupancy Level per Dwelling
Approximate number of persons per dwelling, based on total borough population (based on 2018 levels) divided by total number of dwellings (based on 2020 projections).

Planning Constraints

Planning Constraints Map

London Plan Small Sites Policy H2

Town Centre Boundaries

Green Belt

Conservation Area

TfL Station

Other Station

Green Belt & Open Land

For more information about green belt in City of Westminster, click here.

15 438.01 Area of Metropolitan Open Land (MOL)
Total area, in hectares, of metropolitan open land

18 20.40% Green belt and MOL
Percentage of total area which is either green belt or Metropolitan Open Land (MOL)

London Plan Targets

Westminster, City of's 10 year housing target in the currently adopted 2015 London Plan was 10,677. This was reduced to to 10,100 in the 2018 draft replacement ("Examination in Public") version of the London Plan.

In the Intend to Publish version of the new London Plan, this target has been revised to 9,850; a reduction of 2.48%.

19 10,677 2015 Current London Plan
10 year housing target

30 10,100 2018 "Examination in Public" London Plan
10 year housing target

25 9,850 2019 "Intend to Publish" London Plan
10 year housing target. (Table 4.1 in the "Intend to Publish" version of the new London Plan)

17 4.59 2019 "Intend to Publish" London Plan
10 year housing target per hectare

19 3.81 2019 "Intend to Publish" London Plan
10 year housing target per hectare (excluding greenbelt and Metropolitan Open Land)

24 0.04 2019 "Intend to Publish" London Plan
10 year housing target per head of population (2018)

28 2.48% Reduction in total housing targets
Comparison between ITP and EIP targets (percentage change)

28 -5.40% Change in housing targets, 2015 London Plan to 2018 Examination in Public London Plan

6 -250 Total Change in Housing Targets
Difference between 2018 'Examination in Public' version of the London Plan and the 2019 'Intend to Publish' version.

Small Sites

In the 2018 draft replacement London Plan, Westminster's housing target for small sites (below 0.25Ha) was 5,290—52.38% of its total requirement. In the Intend to Publish version of the plan this has been changed to 5,040 which is a reduction of 4.73%.

For more information on small sites in City of Westminster, please click here.

27 5,290 2018 "Examination in Public" London Plan
10 year small sites housing target

5 5,040 2019 "Intend to Publish" London Plan
10 year small sites housing target. (Table 4.2 in the "Intend to Publish" version of the new London Plan)

4 51.17% 2019 "Intend to Publish" London Plan
Percentage of homes to be delivered on small sites

31 4.73% Reduction in Small Sites targets
Comparison between ITP and EIP targets

4 -250 Reduction in Small Sites Targets
Total reduction in quantity of homes to be delivered on small sites between EIP and ITP versions of the plan

4 99.45% Percentage of borough included within policy H2
Percentage of total borough area which is included within new London Plan (Intend to Publish version) Policy H2, paragraph 4.2.5 zone, ie. within 800m of a station or town centre, or PTAL 3 or more.

5 2.36 Density of homes to be delivered within London Plan Small Sites zones
Density of homes per hectare, limited to area included within new London Plan (Intend to Publish version) Policy H2, paragraph 4.2.5 zone, ie. within 800m of a station or town centre, or PTAL 3 or more.

24 2.48 Density based on 2018 London Plan small sites targets
Homes / hectare, including areas of borough only covered by Policy H2, paragraph 4.2.5, ie. PTAL 3+ or within 800m of station or town centre.

30 0.12 Additional homes per hectare required to achieve London Plan 2018 targets compared to 2019 targets
Based on London Plan targets, and small sites zones as defined by Policy H2, paragraph 4.2.5 zone, ie. within 800m of a station or town centre, or PTAL 3 or more.

25 2,135 Area of borough included within Policy H2, paragraph 4.2.5 zone
Policy H2 of the Intend to Publish London Plan defines areas appropriate for small site development (ie. 0.25ha or less) as having a PTAL of 3 or higher, or within 800m of a station or a town centre boundary.

Housing Delivery Test

Westminster's required number of new homes between 2016 and 2019 was 3,022. In this period it actually delivered 3,087 new homes, resulting in a Housing Delivery Test measurement of 102%.

2018 Results

2019 Results

None

Action Plan

Buffer

Presumption in Favour of Sustainable Development

Note that the above maps exclude both Mayoral Development Corporations for clarity. See the ranking tables below for the performance of these entities.

16 102.15% NPPF Housing Delivery Test 2019: Score
Percentage of homes delivered compared to number required, for period 2016-19 inclusive, as described by NPPF Housing Delivery Test

20 2,724 NPPF Housing Delivery Test 2018: Number Required
Total number of new homes required in period 2015-2018, as defined by the government's 2018 Housing Delivery Test measurements

23 -11.72% Change in Housing Delivery Test Results 2018 to 2019
Percentage change in results between 2018 - 2019

14 3,152 NPPF Housing Delivery Test 2018: Number Achieved
Total number of new homes achieved in period 2015-2018, as defined by the government's 2018 Housing Delivery Test measurements

12 115.71% NPPF Housing Delivery Test 2018: Score
Percentage of homes delivered compared to target

6 276.55% Comparison of Housing Delivery Test (required) / London Plan Housing Targets (2019 ITP)
Percentage of homes required to be delivered under the 2018 Housing Delivery Test (four year period, from 2015-2018 inclusive) compared to the Intend to Publish version of the London Plan (annualised figures for four year period).

Planning Policy

18 13 November 2013 Local Plan - Date of Adoption
Date of current (or at least, most recent) Local Plan adoption, based on Planning Inspectorate information. See source for date

17 80 Months since Local Plan adoption
Number of months that have elapsed since the LPA's Local Plan was adopted

Planning Appeals

5 121 Planning Appeals Decided - 2018-2019
Total number of planning appeals decided between April 2018 and March 2019

6 35 Planning Appeals Allowed - 2018-2019
Total number of planning appeals allowed between April 2018 and March 2019

16 28.93% Percentage of Planning Appeals Allowed
Percentage of planning appeals allowed in period April 2018 to March 2019

House Prices

2 £160,950 Median House Price, end of December 1997
Median cost of market-sale housing, excluding sales below market value (eg. Right to Buy), sales below £1,000 and sales above £20m

2 £1,025,000 Median House Price, end of December 2017
Median cost of market-sale housing, excluding sales below market value (eg. Right to Buy), sales below £1,000 and sales above £20m

6 636.84% 10 Year House Price Increase
Percentage increase in median house price between December 1997 and December 2017

3 715.87% Ratio of house prices to median earnings, 1997
Ratio of house prices to median earnings, based on 1997 data

2 2,431.68% Ratio of house prices to median earnings, 2017
Ratio of house prices to median earnings, based on 2017 data

18 29.44% Change in house price to median earnings ratio, 20 year period
Percentage change in house price / median earning ratio in 20 year period from 1997 to 2017

Housing Stock

10 130,719 Housing Stock (2020)
2020 projected total housing stock

31 7.34% Housing Stock (Increase, 2020-2030)
Projected increase in housing stock 2020 - 2030

2 88.65% Flats as percentage of total dwellings
Number of flats within each borough expressed as a percentage of total housing stock, based on VOA data

3 36.83% Percentage of 1 bed homes
Percentage of total number of dwellings which have one bedroom (including houses and flats)

8 122,900 Total number of dwellings
Total number of dwellings within borough, based on VOA data

10 31.07% Percentage of 2 bed homes
Percentage of total number of dwellings which have two bedrooms (including houses and flats)

4 67.90% Percentage of 1 or 2 bed homes
Percentage of total number of dwellings which have one or two bedrooms (including houses and flats)

21 363,480 Total number of habitable rooms
Total number of habitable rooms for all residential property types, assuming the following: 1 bed = 2 habitable rooms, 2 bed = 3 habitable rooms, 3 bed = 5 habitable rooms, 4+ bed = 6 habitable rooms

3 212.67 Density of Habitable Rooms
Habitable rooms per hectare for all property types, assuming the following: 1 bed = 2 habitable rooms, 2 bed = 3 habitable rooms, 3 bed = 5 habitable rooms, 4+ bed = 6 habitable rooms, excluding green belt and metropolitan open land

8 10 Council homes completed, 2018
Total number of council homes built during 12 month period covering 2017/18

27 20 Council homes sold under Right to Buy, 2018
Total number of council homes sold under Right to Buy during 12 month period covering 2017/18

8 -10 Net number of Council homes
This formula deducts the total number of homes sold under Right to Buy from the number of council homes completed in the same period

7 17.38 Density of Family Homes
Number of family homes (assumed with three bedrooms or more) per hectare, excluding green belt and metropolitan open land

Rents

2 £2,275 Median Monthly Rental, 2019
12 months to Q1 2019

32 19.30% Increase in Median Monthly Rental, 2011 - 2019
Percentage change in median monthly rents, all categories, for period between 12 months to Q2 2011 to 12 months to Q1 2019.

Vacant Dwellings

29 874 Number of Vacant Dwellings
Total number of vacant dwellings, based on 2018 data

32 0.67% Vacant Dwellings as Proportion of Housing Stock
Percentage of total housing stock (2020 estimate) which is defined as "vacant" by MHCLG methodology, based on 2018 figures

Brownfield Land

24 35 Area of Brownfield Land
Total area of brownfield land, in hectares, based on CPRE data

16 2,643 Projected Homes on Brownfield Land
Area of brownfield land multiplied by average borough housing density (based on 2020 housing projections), excluding green belt and metropolitan land. Note that this figure provides the potential additional dwellings based on existing densities rather than projected increases in density

7 26.17% Comparison Against London Plan EIP Housing Targets
Compares the potential development capacity on brownfield land against the London Plan (Examination in Public) housing targets. Note that a comparison against small sites targets is not useful as the brownfield registers might include large sites which exceed 0.25Ha and therefore do not count as "small sites" under the Policy H2 definition

1 100.00% Percentage of new homes consented on brownfield land
For period 2016/17

Golf Courses

Homelessness

6 8,172 People living in temporary accommodation
As of March 2019

1 306 People Sleeping Rough
As of Autumn 2018

5 8,478 Total Number of Homeless People

5 3.32% Percentage of Population Homeless
Estimate based on December 2019 figures (temporary accommodation) and Autumn 2018 estimate (rough sleepers)

19 3,907 Households on council housing waiting lists
Total number of households on council housing waiting list

Demographics

18 13.69% Percentage of total borough population classified as Asian
Percentage of total borough population falling within Asian classification, according to ONS

13 41.91% Percentage of Total Borough Population as BAME
Percentage of total borough population falling within BAME (including Asian, Black, Mixed / Other) according to ONS classifications

Car Ownership

26 49,773 Number of licensed vehicles (cars only), 2018
Total number of licensed vehicles, by borough, 2018

30 -15.33% Change in number of licensed vehicles (cars), 2004 - 2018
Percentage change in number of licensed vehicles (cars only), 2004 - 2018

28 0.19 Number of licensed cars per head of population, 2018
Number of licensed vehicles (cars only) in 2018, divided by total borough population for the same year

5 23.18 Vehicle density
Number of licensed vehicles (cars only) per hectare, 2018 figures

3 16.74% Change in Car Ownership by Head of Population
Percentage change in car ownership per head of population in period between 2013 and 2018.

Coronavirus

For more details on confirmed Coronavirus cases within each borough, please click here.

24 771 Number of confirmed cases of coronavirus
Total number of cases to date

26 0.30% Percentage of borough population with confirmed case of coronavirus
Total number of cases to date

27 6.48 Confirmed cases of Coronavirus by density (including green space)
Number of confirmed cases of coronavirus divided by population density, including areas designated as green belt or metropolitan open land

27 5.16 Confirmed cases of Coronavirus by density (excluding green space)
Number of confirmed cases of coronavirus divided by population density, excluding areas designated as green belt or metropolitan open land

9 0.36 Confirmed cases of Coronavirus per hectare (including green space)
Total number of confirmed coronavirus within each borough divided by total borough area, including green belt and metropolitan open land

23 72.30 Deaths Involving COVID-19 by Borough
Total number of deaths attributed to Coronavirus, by borough. See source for dates

6 0.45 Confirmed cases of Coronavirus per hectare (excluding green space)
Total number of confirmed coronavirus within each borough divided by total borough area, excluding green belt and metropolitan open land

11 3.37 Density of Coronavirus Deaths (per 100 hectares)
Number of deaths due to Covid-19 per 100 hectares, including green belt and MOL

19 0.28 Coronavirus Deaths by Population (per 1,000)
Number of deaths due to Covid-19 per 1,000 people

Air Quality

2 15.50 Air quality, Particulates
Population weighted average concentration of PM2.5 (µg / m3), calculated for males and females and 5 year age groups separately,weighted average

2 49.50 Air quality, NO2
Population weighted average concentration of NO2 (µg / m3), calculated for males and females and 5 year age groups separately, weighted average